Flat feet exacerbated by dance training methods based on a false understanding of the human body

The foot takes a decisive role in supporting all types of upstream movements by transducing the energy generated by breathing movements into the kinetic energy in interacting with the contact surface as the base of support. Thereby, the authenticity of one’s movements is entirely dependent on how one’s foot connects one’s body with the ground which enables the body to move. Accordingly, being aware of the individual features of one’s foot as the foundation of one’s movements is critical to attaining the freedom of one’s own; and, it should be the fundamental principle of dance training methods to protect and foster the spontaneity rooted in the individual body. Thereby, enhancing the understanding of the flat foot is vital to form a new educational foundation, which is capable of providing the individualized training programs; because the physical symptoms related to the flat foot vary, according to the individual features, therefore improving those issues requires a comprehensive understanding of the individual body. The education system, which is unable to renew itself with the new knowledge oriented to the imperativeness of reviving humanity, necessarily impedes the natural balance of the body and thereby impacts significantly on the people with physical vulnerability and distinctive features.

The foot with fallen arches characterizes the physical feature of the flat foot, which causes distinctive weight distribution over feet. From the technical viewpoint, an arch is a structure that sustains itself by its semicircular structure compressing itself to radiate the supporting force outward, converted from the downward pressure of the weight above. The human foot has three arches formed by tendons, ligaments, and bony structures, which shape the form of a half dome together. In fact, the essential principle of strengthening and reviving the flat foot lies in maintaining the half-dome shape. The human body is supposed to stand on feet which support the mass of the body on themselves slightly pointing outward; because in that position, the feet can optimally maintain the half dome shape by distributing the body weight along the line of the fat pad. The arches in the foot can become naturally activated with the body weight pressing downward in right places. And walking in an opened posture can strengthen the forefoot and toes by leaning and pushing forward to deliver enough weight to feet and thereby revitalize the overall feet slowly. In fact, walking is a simple movement, but, by focusing on keeping the right posture regulated by the breathing flow, it can turn into the most effective tool for reviving the flat feet. The fundamental human movements always ensure the best result in addressing physical issues, but the process takes concentration, consistency, and spontaneity. One with flat feet tends to place one’s feet in parallel; because of the collapsed arches filling the space of the curve inward, one can hardly perceive the difference between two positions, a parallel and a slightly opened. Despite this handicap, one can find one’s innate angle for an opened position; and, it comes out when one is entirely relaxed in lying on one’s back. In principle, all body parts recover their original places naturally when relaxed. One’s feet are opened outward as wide as one’s pelvis opens.

  1. Standing in a right opened posture   

#One should find the natural angle and distance between feet by oneself.

  1. Leaning forward to the maximum range

#All toes must stay on the floor evenly.

  1. Squatting on the forefeet, not on tiptoes

#If necessary, hands can remain on the floor

  1. Walking in leaning forward

#Shifting the center of mass forward by pushing forward

  1. Jumping on the spot

#Landing softly from forefeet to toes and heels

#Keeping leaning forward from leaping to landing

Flat back posture induced by the competitive personality representing the core value of the system formed in the capitalist order

One’s chin highly raised up symbolizes the flat back posture; this characteristic pose appears to express one’s confidence, competitiveness, power, and authority. Police officers are good examples unconsciously exhibiting the swayback posture.

1)The physical characteristics of the flat back posture

Like any other habitual postures, one’s way of breathing performs a decisive role in shaping a flat back posture, which presents one’s extreme dependency on inhalation. During inhalation, the body absorbs oxygen from the air to generate energy and becomes stretched and tensed to conserve energy. In the natural state, the body entirely erects itself as its lungs inflate to its maximum capacity, and this moment of being fully erected and tensed lasts for less than one second. Thereby, one’s intention to take more energy than one’s maximum capacity stretches one’s body abnormally backward and eventually induces a flat back posture. In fact, the body is not capable of holding energy in the position of being unnaturally pulled backward; and above all, this position disrupts energy circulation in interacting with nature. Thereby, the body with a flat back posture must release energy frequently to stay in balance. In general, the body sustains itself autonomously by balancing of inputs and outputs, which means that the body always releases the energy as much as generated by its breathing movements. And during exhalation, the body releases energy from itself and becomes relaxed and bent forward to open itself. Therefore, as long as the body stays in the swayback position, the body is not capable of reaching the natural state of being balanced by breathing movements due to the distorted energy release. Flat back posture heightens tensions in the spine and back, whereas the abdominal muscle groups associated with the respiratory system becomes weakened due to the physical state of being permanently stretched backward, which deprives them of the chances of contracting forward.

2)The society oriented to an infinite competition as a primary factor to dictate the way humans move

The critical issue induced by a flat back posture lies in releasing the confined energy, which likely defines one’s dominant but distracted character; one’s body cannot avoid from being tensed to sustain itself, and one cannot focus on other things, but oneself while being tensed. Furthermore, one’s body with a flat back posture continually is in need of releasing the pent-up energy, which frequently drives irrelevant expressions and actions; and simultaneously, one’s body always needs to be filled up due to a lack of space to conserve energy caused by the physical state of being pulled backward. Hence, these physical characteristics explain one’s competitive character. However, a slight flat back posture is commonly regarded as a confident posture and promoted; and this is the trend necessarily formed in the course of establishing the system oriented to the infinitive competition.  

3)How to alleviate the tensions in one’s body and mind

In the flat back posture, the dependency on heels for human locomotion is excessive as the body with a flat back posture artificially shifts the center of gravity backward; and, this tendency impedes the natural foot movements pushing forward, through a heel, forefoot, and all toes. Thus, the muscle volume of feet becomes decreased and weakened; moreover, the shoes, designed to lift heels to compensate a lack of strength of forefeet and toes, exacerbates the excessive dependency on heels. Accordingly, the process to alleviate the tensions caused by the flat back posture should focus on two points;

  1. restoring the natural breathing flow to improve the abdominal movements, to shift the center of gravity forward
  2. reviving the innate connectivity and strength of feet by walking barefoot and four limbs in the dog position

Chest Breathing Caused by One’s Tendency to Dominate One’s Body

1)physical characteristics of chest breathing induced by the abnormal tension in the facial muscles

2)facial expressions driven by the negative psychological states  

Chest breathing is prevalent in the contemporary world; it is the technical term that depicts shallow breathing, which induces chronic tensions in the neck, the shoulders, and the chest. Various factors cause thoracic breathing, and the tensed facial muscle group is one of the primary factors, which appears with compressed lips.

1)physical characteristics of chest breathing induced by the abnormal tension in the facial muscles

In the natural state of the body, lips perform, in conjunction with the nose, a crucial role as the leading path in breathing. Breathing through the mouth is cohesively connected to the diaphragmatic breathing technique, which drives the body to move in any positions by inflating the back muscles to pull the abdomen upward during inhalation. By contrast, breathing through the nose links to the abdominal breathing technique, which stabilizes the body by inflating the abdomen downward to relax all body parts but the organs and muscles associated with the respiratory system. However, human movement is a series of complexity, and hence breathing is continued in a flexible way, not entirely dedicated one of those techniques.

The tendency to unconsciously tighten lips, combined with a misunderstanding of the breathing mechanism, impairs the balance of the body. The tensed facial muscles set the nose as the only path of respiration which consists of one inhalation and one exhalation. Technically, this setting likely inclines to abdominal breathing, which is much slower than diaphragmatic breathing to obtain enough oxygen to generate the same amount of energy and thus does not fit active movements, which requires continual weight shifting from one place to another place like walking, running, jumping, and rolling. As human movement is complicated, the rigid facial muscles necessarily impede energy supply; therefore, shallow and frequent breathing is followed to compensate the lack of power.

To avoid moving with the pernicious thoracic breathing flow, one should take a deep breath until oxygen naturally inflates the stomach when breathing through the nose; however, the speed of the half abdominal breathing cannot be fast enough to retain the momentum of continuous movements without the help of the mouth and lips. Furthermore, taking a deep breath through the nose naturally links to abdominal breathing, which alleviates the intensity of movements. In fact, breathing through the nose without the help of the mouth and lips can lead diaphragmatic breathing to support dynamic actions in velocity only when one is capable of switching breathing techniques according to one’s need and intention.

2)facial expressions driven by the negative psychological states  

Facial expressions directly present the mental state, and the compressed lips appear to inhibit the spontaneous reactions derived from the body, which represent the negative psychological state such as distrust, anxiety, fear, fury, gravity, and obsession. The abnormal tension in the facial muscles is the reflection of one’s state of mind and thereby can be naturally eased in one’s attempt to overcome one’s unnecessary negativity; and, it is critical to reviving the inherent creativity rooted in one’s body. Creativity is the constant desire to satisfy the individual’s independent and distinguishable needs for survival as the individual. And the individual’s body is the place where generates the requirements of its own until the end of its life. Hence, the genuine creativity rooted in one’s body naturally manifests itself with one’s spontaneous movements.

: Enhancing Diaphragmatic Breathing Techniques and Organic Foot Movement to attain explosiveness

The essence of all types of body movement lies in breathing movements. The human body functions at its best when moving with its inherent flow derived from breathing movements. Breathing movements induce the continual up-and-down motions, which generate unconditional energy. In general, while moving in upright standing position, the diaphragmatic breathing supports the body naturally and promote energy circulation. During inhalation, the body takes energy from the air and becomes stretched upward against gravity to conserve energy. By contrast, the body releases energy from itself and becomes bent forward and relaxed to open itself. The organic flow of body movement originates in this up-and-down motions. Speed, strength, and endurance; these are the decisive factors, which determine the quality of movement, and the differences intrinsically come out how to breathe. To maximize the potential of breathing, one should be patient to sense the internal flow of energy. The human body sustains itself by balancing of inputs and outputs, which means that the body takes energy as much as the body releases out. For instance, to jump upward, the body releases energy to bounce back from the ground, and there is a momentary conversion, which takes less than 0.5 seconds. The body can obtain explosiveness only when one can stand a quick moment to interact together with nature.

Foot movement is another crucial point to enhance the physical capabilities. Foot plays a role as the base of support, which enables the body move in the upright standing position, and all types of upstream movements are determined how feet interact with the breathing flow on the contact surface. The foot is an essential sensory receptor that contains 26 bones and 33 joints, which means that the foot is supposed to be more flexible than the average flexibility of the modern humans. Recovering the primary sense and flexibility of feet can boost overall physicality and the innate creativity rooted in the body; because one’s free movement is the origin of creativity. The human being can better focus on attaining the total freedom to create after the basic needs for survival are satisfied. Thereby, the body with the high level of overall physicality is the fertile ground for fostering creativity. In the active state, every sector of the body eventually can engage in the act of creation, and hence the inherent creativity naturally manifests itself in the body.


: Social Interactions as the Critical Factor Forming the Human Body

They seemed like average middle-aged women in the middle class, who were well educated, intelligent, married to guys from the same class. However, their bodies were, in fact, entirely out of balance. From the technical viewpoint, their bodies merely sustain themselves as like as their minds confused, and this symptom takes place when the body loses its spontaneity; thereby, they should contemplate why their bodies are not able to conserve energy to revive their lives.

They said that they were terrified of the harsh reality in 80’s in Korea, and marriage was the only way to protect themselves from the outside world. Their choices were not to think about injustice happening out of the house, not to be engaged in any movements demanding justice. From this point, their bodies have started to collapse down fundamentally; because their bodies were no longer able to represent their minds as they are to survive, and hence their choices were the catalyst that segregated the body from the mind and thereby induced cognitive dissonance.

The restoration process of the natural flow of their bodies should start from the understanding of the modern history of the Korean peninsula. The Republic of Korea, a.k.a. South Korea was established in 1948 under the supervision of the U.S military government. The table below lists the critical events in the modern times in Korea.

The repressive dominance by military authority is the keyword to understand the modern history of the Korean peninsula. Under the oppressive situation, the human being should choose to surrender or to resist for survival, and both choices fundamentally restrain freedom of movement in different ways.

The human body loses its spontaneity by accepting the extrinsic factor, which controls its physical activities. Freedom is the notion rooted in spontaneous movements of the independent body, and spontaneity is the basis of creativity, which defines the way the human being is. The forced passiveness erodes the foundation of humanity toward attaining freedom of every individual. Thus, in general, people living in the authoritarian system become uniformized conformists, who are incapable of dealing with spontaneous activities based on individual choice; hence, this prevalent trend eventually induces powerlessness and the feeling of insignificance.

To choose to resist against the system of injustice significantly increases the risk to become physically restricted by violent authority. Thus, the body cannot release energy from itself as it is, and the confined energy constantly distracts its concentration and its natural growth, and hence, it is challenging to develop human potential, entirely, in the limited environment. Furthermore, the oppressive system deliberately aims to impede the natural growth process toward an independent individual by regulating freedom of expression to complete the social structures in which every unit of the society inhibits itself by disconnected people with each other whom only serve for survival.

The human being is a social animal, and the human society is the only place in which one can attain one’s identity as a free individual by continual social interactions. Thereby, the social system plays a critical role in forming one’s individuality, and hence one’s actions and choices reflect the society, where one grows up. The necessity of building a society which ensures social interactions based on mutual respect and understanding for every individual emerges on this point to foster humanity.

– Restoring spontaneity has the highest priority to revitalize overall physical condition to the Korean women.

– Hiking or taking a long walk on a regular basis is the optimal option to start; because, currently, the body is not capable of dealing with deep breathing exercises.

– To recover the decent level of overall physicality takes time but is necessary to concentrate on oneself. The body first consumes its metabolic energy to sustain itself. Hence, until the body accumulates enough energy for its requirements, the mind cannot avoid being distracted.  

– Wars occurred to take control over the Korean peninsula

The Sino-Japanese War 1894-1895

The Russo-Japanese War 1904-1905

(The Japanese empire started to dominate Korean peninsula exclusively after winning the battles against the Qing empire and the Russian empire from 1905.)
-Japanese occupation 1910- 1945

Japanese annexation of Korea 1910
The division of Korea by the 38th parallel 1945

(The U.S.S.R took over the north part, and the U.S.A controlled the south region below the 38th parallel.)
The establishment of the Republic of Korea 1948

(A.K.A. South Korea)

The establishment of the democratic people’s republic of Korea 1948

(A.K.A North Korea)
The era of the first dictatorship by Lee Seungman 1948- 1960

(ended by the April revolution)
The Korean War 1950- 1953

(The first proxy war between USA and China, approximately over 1 million killed in total)
The era of the military dictatorship by Park jun hui 1961- 1979
The era of the second military dictatorship by Chun doohwan 1979- 1988
The transitional government ruled by military authority 1988- 1993
The establishment of the first democratic government 1993- 1998


Foot Movements Regulated by Breathing Movements

Her strength lies in her foot movements. In an upright standing position, feet function as the base of support, which plays a crucial role in shifting body weight in every direction by interacting with gravity and the contact surface. Walking is the primary movement, and every single cell in one’s body is affected by every single step one takes. Everything in the body is cohesively connected with each other and always performs in unison as one organic entity. Thereby, all types of upstream movements are determined by how the base of support performs in conjunction with breathing movements. Accordingly, one can improve the performance quality by vitalizing the link between feet and breathing flow.  

  1. Try to figure out your neutral position of feet, which makes all toes stay on the floor
  2. Keep leaning forward slightly while walking
  3. Push forward and Roll your foot slightly inward   

In that sense, she already has a great foundation for all types of human activities, which only can be realized through body movement. However, her growth is impeded by herself. In general, when one does not trust oneself, one cannot relax, and hence one’s shoulders, neck, and chest are necessarily tensed; and this unnatural tension disconnects the organic flow of the body and eventually distracts one’s concentration. This physical symptom is prevalent among the people in the contemporary world regardless of age, race, and nationality; therefore, it implies that this is the issue related to the unavoidable influence induced by the system, which dictates the way human beings move.  

To relax a stiff body, one should regain one’s self-esteem instead of blaming oneself. The momentum of the change toward obtaining freedom and humanity is made by individuals with self-esteem; and, it takes shape when independent individuals unite together. The high level of understanding of one’s body boosts one’s self-awareness. Hence, being aware of oneself is more important than meeting other people’s demands. Body and mind are interdependent. Thus, the state of being distracted disconnects the organic flow throughout the body, and above all limits the range of mobility; e.g. arms cannot move inward to the chest in a natural way due to the chronic tension on the chest, shoulder, and neck. From the technical viewpoint, the chronic tension can be relieved by following one’s breath based on an appropriate understanding of breathing mechanism. One respiration consists of one inhalation and one exhalation, and breathing is the constant movement to generate energy, which autonomously sustains the human body until the end of its life. During inhalation, the body takes energy from the air and becomes stretched upward against gravity and thus tensed to conserve energy. By contrast, during exhalation, the body releases energy from itself and becomes relaxed and slightly bent forward to open itself. In doing so, the body spontaneously regulates itself to achieve physical stability by balancing outputs and inputs, and breathing movements naturally generate the continual up-and-down motions, which initiate all types of body movement. Thus, the human body functions at its best with the organic flow derived from breathing movements.

  1. Restore the innate capacity of the lungs by deep breathing (diaphragmatic breathing)
  • Take a deep inhalation/exhalation can be prolonged as long as inhalation is extended
  • Breathe through mouth, mostly / inflate your back during inhalation
  1. Relax a full body ( abdominal breathing)
  • Breath through nose / inflate your belly during inhalation

The human body is designed to be sustained by interactions with nature. Thereby, one must embrace one’s body as a part of nature without fear and distrust, and let it flow as it is. One’s inherent creativity naturally manifests itself in one’s body when one trusts oneself.    



Concentration and Consistency as Vital Principles to Sustain Life

Her level of concentration is very high in everything she does, and she has a wide range of interests like any other young persons. Having various interests is natural and stimulating in the last phase of the human brain development in which the growth process is complete between the age of 22 and 25. In general, as one approaches the end of the brain development, one should choose specific things to focus on, maximizing one’s strength, which manifests itself in the course of restoring the inherent flow of one’s body.

Ability to concentrate on oneself is vital for improving one’s physical capabilities bound with the creativity rooted in one’s body. Another virtue that ensures personal growth is consistency. In fact, these essential attributes constitute spontaneity, which is the vital principle to sustain life. Each cell of the human body entirely serves itself for its given purpose as a part of the whole without stopping until the end of its life, and the human being is an organic entity made up of innumerable cells, which are obliged to maintain themselves spontaneously. In doing so, the human body functions at its best in an optimal balance when all body parts support themselves autonomously. Thereby, one’s concentration and consistency are naturally enhanced when one allows one’s body move as it is. In principle, restoring the innate flow of the body is the core of maximizing the physical capabilities. Each human body has the distinguishable feature of its own, which generates the unique flow representing the body, where it originates in. Hence, one should be aware of the natural state of one’s body to follow one’s inherent flow, which differentiates itself from the others and thereby forms the basis of one’s individuality and creativity.  

The training for revitalizing one’s organic flow should start from fundamental movements such as breathing and walking. It’s the process of rebuilding a foundation of the body therefore takes time and persistent practice.

1: Maintaining proper postures to enhance the core and feet

: The prevalent tendency to stand on heels weakens the core and thereby impedes breathing.

– Keeping leaning forward while walking to make your body move

– Giving more control to forefeet

2: Strengthening a lower abdomen by the diaphragmatic breathing technique

– breathing through the mouth and inflating a back and rib cages

– squeezing a lower abdomen and glutes

3: Relaxing through the Abdominal breathing technique

– breathing through the nose and inflating an abdomen

– relaxing all body parts but the core engaged in breathing movements

4: Exercising in sounding on purpose could be helpful to concentrate.

– During inhalation, a vocal code does not work to sound, whereas, during exhalation, a vocal code can vibrate and resonate itself to sound.

– The quality of sound is entirely dependent on how one moves with one’s breathing flow.