Edvard Sundby (2016 – 2017)

: Flat back posture induced by the competitive personality representing the core value of the system formed in the capitalist order

One’s chin highly raised up symbolizes the flat back posture; this characteristic pose appears to express one’s confidence, competitiveness, power, and authority. Police officers are good examples unconsciously exhibiting the flat back posture.

1)The physical characteristics of the flat back posture

Like any other habitual postures, one’s way of breathing performs a decisive role in shaping a flat back posture, which presents one’s extreme dependency on inhalation. During inhalation, the body absorbs oxygen from the air to generate energy and becomes stretched and tensed to conserve energy. In the natural state, the body entirely erects itself as its lungs inflate to its maximum capacity, and this moment of being fully erected and tensed lasts for less than one second. Thereby, one’s intention to take more energy than one’s maximum capacity stretches one’s body abnormally backward and eventually induces a flat back posture. In fact, the body is not capable of holding energy in the position of being unnaturally pulled backward; and above all, this position disrupts energy circulation in interacting with nature. Thereby, the body with a flat back posture must release energy frequently to stay in balance. In general, the body sustains itself autonomously by balancing of inputs and outputs, which means that the body always releases the energy as much as generated by its breathing movements. And during exhalation, the body releases energy from itself and becomes relaxed and bent forward to open itself. Therefore, as long as the body stays in the swayback position, the body is not capable of reaching the natural state of being balanced by breathing movements due to the distorted energy release. Flat back posture heightens tensions in the spine and back, whereas the abdominal muscle groups associated with the respiratory system becomes weakened due to the physical state of being permanently stretched backward, which deprives them of the chances of contracting forward.

2)The society oriented to an infinite competition as a primary factor to dictate the way humans move

The critical issue induced by a flat back posture lies in releasing the confined energy, which likely defines one’s dominant but distracted character; one’s body cannot avoid from being tensed to sustain itself, and one cannot focus on other things, but oneself while being tensed. Furthermore, one’s body with a flat back posture continually is in need of releasing the pent-up energy, which frequently drives irrelevant expressions and actions; and simultaneously, one’s body always needs to be filled up due to a lack of space to conserve energy caused by the physical state of being pulled backward. Hence, these physical characteristics explain one’s competitive character. However, a slight flat back posture is commonly regarded as a confident posture and promoted; and this is the trend necessarily formed in the course of establishing the system oriented to the infinitive competition.  

3)How to alleviate the tensions in one’s body and mind

In the flat back posture, the dependency on heels for human locomotion is excessive as the body with a flat back posture artificially shifts the center of gravity backward; and, this tendency impedes the natural foot movements pushing forward, through a heel, forefoot, and all toes. Thus, the muscle volume of feet becomes decreased and weakened; moreover, the shoes, designed to lift heels to compensate a lack of strength of forefeet and toes, exacerbates the excessive dependency on heels. Accordingly, the process to alleviate the tensions caused by the flat back posture should focus on two points;

  1. restoring the natural breathing flow to improve the abdominal movements, to shift the center of gravity forward
  2. reviving the innate connectivity and strength of feet by walking barefoot and four limbs in the dog position

Veronika Taraseviciute (2017 – 2018)

In the natural state of the body, lips perform, in conjunction with the nose, a crucial role as the leading path in breathing. Breathing through the mouth is cohesively connected to the diaphragmatic breathing technique, which drives the body to move in any positions by inflating the back muscles to pull the abdomen upward during inhalation. By contrast, breathing through the nose links to the abdominal breathing technique, which stabilizes the body by inflating the abdomen downward to relax all body parts but the organs and muscles associated with the respiratory system. However, human movement is a series of complexity, and hence breathing is continued in a flexible way, not entirely dedicated one of those techniques. The tendency to unconsciously tighten lips, combined with a misunderstanding of the breathing mechanism, impairs the balance of the body. The tensed facial muscles set the nose as the only path of respiration which consists of one inhalation and one exhalation. Technically, this setting likely inclines to abdominal breathing, which is much slower than diaphragmatic breathing to obtain enough oxygen to generate the same amount of energy and thus does not fit active movements, which requires continual weight shifting from one place to another place like walking, running, jumping, and rolling. As human movement is complicated, the rigid facial muscles necessarily impede energy supply; therefore, shallow and frequent breathing is followed to compensate the lack of power. To avoid moving with the pernicious thoracic breathing flow, one should take a deep breath until oxygen naturally inflates the stomach when breathing through the nose; however, the speed of the half abdominal breathing cannot be fast enough to retain the momentum of continuous movements without the help of the mouth and lips. Furthermore, taking a deep breath through the nose naturally links to abdominal breathing, which alleviates the intensity of movements. In fact, breathing through the nose without the help of the mouth and lips can lead diaphragmatic breathing to support dynamic actions in velocity only when one is capable of switching breathing techniques according to one’s need and intention.

Kotryna Zilinskaite (2016- 2018)

The foot with fallen arches characterizes the physical feature of the flat foot, which causes distinctive weight distribution over feet. From the technical viewpoint, an arch is a structure that sustains itself by its semicircular structure compressing itself to radiate the supporting force outward, converted from the downward pressure of the weight above. The human foot has three arches formed by tendons, ligaments, and bony structures, which shape the form of a half dome together. In fact, the essential principle of strengthening and reviving the flat foot lies in maintaining the half-dome shape. The human body is supposed to stand on feet which support the mass of the body on themselves slightly pointing outward; because in that position, the feet can optimally maintain the half dome shape by distributing the body weight along the line of the fat pad. The arches in the foot can become naturally activated with the body weight pressing downward in right places. And walking in an opened posture can strengthen the forefoot and toes by leaning and pushing forward to shift enough weight onto feet and thereby revitalize the sense of feet slowly. In fact, walking is a simple movement, but, by focusing on keeping the right posture regulated by the breathing flow, it can turn into the most effective tool for reviving the flat feet. The fundamental human movements always ensure the best result in addressing physical issues, but the process takes concentration, consistency, and spontaneity. One with flat feet tends to place one’s feet in parallel; because of the collapsed arches filling the space of the curve inward, one can hardly perceive the difference between two positions, a parallel and a slightly opened. Despite this handicap, one can find one’s innate angle for an opened position; and, it comes out when one is entirely relaxed in lying on one’s back. In principle, all body parts recover their original places naturally when relaxed. One’s feet are opened outward as wide as one’s pelvis opens.

1)Maintaining proper postures to enhance the core and feet

: The prevalent tendency to stand on heels weakens the core and thereby impedes breathing.

– Keeping leaning forward while walking to make your body move

– Giving more control to forefeet

2)Strengthening a lower abdomen by the diaphragmatic breathing technique

– breathing through the mouth and inflating a back and rib cages

– squeezing a lower abdomen and glutes

3)Relaxing through the Abdominal breathing technique

– breathing through the nose and inflating an abdomen

– relaxing all body parts but the core engaged in breathing movements

4)Exercising in sounding on purpose could be helpful to concentrate.

– During inhalation, a vocal code does not work to sound, whereas, during exhalation, a vocal code can vibrate and resonate itself to sound.

– The quality of sound is entirely dependent on how one moves with one’s breathing flow.